Cattle, Goat , Sheep and camel breeds of punjab pakistan ( very soon i will add in pics)

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Cattle, Goat , Sheep and camel breeds of punjab pakistan ( very soon i will add in pics)

Post by Manidabest on Wed Apr 13, 2011 12:38 pm

salam bros.... meri research thodi incomplete hai pls complete karne main meri help karein aur agar koi kami peshi ho tu usse plsssssss sehi karne ka batain aur agar aur bhi koi breed hai jo khalisan pakistan punjab ki hai tu plsss batain ... beetal breed of goat is not included coz it is found in indian punjab too

ANIMAL BREEDS IN PUNJAB PAKISTAN
Introduction
Punjab has a large livestock population, well adapted to local conditions, and some of the best tropical breeds. About two third of the farming community in Pakistan consists of small farmers who are characterised by small land holdings (less than 5 hectares) and by several factors that influence their productive potential and income generating capacity. Livestock farming is an integral part of rural smallholders and has a vast untapped potential for productivity increase and income generation. Livestock holdings by the small farmers constitute a significant portion of the farm incomes. Small farmers and landless livestock producers derive around 10–25 percent of their incomes from this sub-sector. Most farms are fully integrated mixed units with cattle, buffaloes and sometimes sheep or goats or both. Traditionally, cattle were kept as draft animals, with milk as a by-product, and buffaloes as milking animals. With the mechanization of agriculture, however, cross-bred cattle are replacing the poorer breeds. Except for nomadic sheep, goats and camels, peri-urban dairying and commercial poultry, animal production is closely integrated with crop production. Livestock raising is closely integrated with crop production system partly because fodder production is a part of the crop rotation cycle and also because crop by-products and wastes are utilized by the livestock sector. In other words, all ruminant production systems depend heavily on crop residues, fodder grown on the farm and/or rangelands, wastelands and fallow lands.
Buffaloes in Punjab Pakistan belong to river type with characteristic chromosome number of 50 and they are kept mainly in the northern and southern irrigated plains, and cattle are raised throughout the Punjab. Sheep and Goats are raised in all AEZs, but larger herds are common in areas with forage and grazing. There is a single breed of dairy buffalo which is called the Nili–Ravi, and five breeds of cattle: the Sahiwal which is famous as a diary breed, the dual-purpose Cholistani and Dhanni, and the draft breeds, Dhajal, and Rojhan. There is large number of cross-bred cattle found in the Punjab Province. There are five breeds of sheep, Cholistani, Thalli, Kajli, Lohi and Lati. There are many breeds of goats found in Punjab but four breeds are originating from Pakistani Punjab, that are Teddy, Nachi, Dera Din Panahi and Chisti. There are five breeds of camels, Lal Gadd, Thalli, Damani, Barella and Riasathi or Marrecha.
Cattles Breeds in Punjab
Cholistani
The Cholistani is a multi-purpose breed, being used for both meat and milk and as a draft animal. They are Zebu or Bos indicus cattle and are found in the Cholistan desert in Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Cholistani are usually speckled red, brown or black. They are of recent origin and are thought to have been derived from the crossing of Sahiwal with the local cattle. Cholistani - Dairy Punjab 537,000. (2006)



Dajal



The Dajal are a draft type of cattle and are found mainly in the Dajal area in district Dera Ghazi Khan in Punjab Province. Their color is white or gray, deepening to almost black on the neck, shoulder and hump in mature males. The average weight at maturity of Dajal cattle is 500 kg for males and 390 kg for females. The Dajal breed is an off shoot of Bhagnari breed, having almost similar points. However, Dajal cattle are comparatively smaller in size and lighter in color.

Dhanni
The Dhanni is a draft type that is found in Attock, Rawalpindi and Jhelum districts in Punjab Province of Pakistan. The coloring in the majority of Dhanni cattle consists of black or red/brown spots on a white coat. The average weight at maturity is 400 kg for males and 300 kg for females. The Dhanni is of medium size, compact body with comparatively straight back, fine skin, small head, stumpy horns, ears small and alert, compact hump, small dewlap, tight sheath, whip like tail ending in a white switch, and a small udder. It is a sturdy animal having great agility, suitable for light draught work. The following variations in body color of Dhanni animals are generally found:
 predominately white coat with black spots (Chitta Burga)
 predominately black coat with white spots (Kala Burga)
 white mottles with brown and black patches (Nuqra)
 Greater part is red with white spotting on certain parts of the body (Ratta Burga).




Sahiwal

The Sahiwal originated in the dry Punjab region which lies along the Indian-Pakistani border. They were once kept in large herd by professional herdsmen called "Junglies". However with the introduction of irrigation to the region they began to be kept in smaller numbers by the farmers of the region, who used them as draft and dairy animals.
The Sahiwal is one of the best dairy breeds in Pakistan. It is tick-resistant, heat-tolerant and noted for its high resistance to parasites, both internal and external. Cows average 2270 kg of milk during a lactation while suckling a calf and much higher milk yields have been recorded. Due to their heat tolerance and high milk production they have been exported to other Asian countries as well as Africa and the Caribbean. As oxen they are generally docile and lethargic, making them more useful for slow work.
Their color can range from reddish brown through to the more predominant red, with varying amounts of white on the neck, and the underline. In males the color darkens towards the extremities, such as the head, legs and tails.
The Sahiwal is the heaviest milker of all Zebu breeds and display a well developed udder. Sahiwals demonstrate the ability to sire small, fast-growing calves and are noted for their hardiness under unfavorable climatic conditions.



Rojhan
This breed is most commonly found in Rajanpur dictrict of Punjab province of Pakistan and it is famous among baloch tribes of punjab residing in that area. This breed is labelled as a light draft breed. Rojhan cattle are bred in Bakht Baidar Khan and G.B. Isani. These are small animals with a red and white spotted coat (considerable variation in spot size, tight skin, small and alert ears, small pointed horns, short neck, proportionately large hump, and extended dewlap). Their thin tail usually ends in a white switch. They have a small, tucked up udder. Milk yield is very low. The adult male weighs 660-770 lbs and the female 500-600 lbs. Male stock is very suitable for draught work in hilly and sub-hilly areas.












Map of Punjab where cattle breeds are found




Graph Shows population increase in cattle from 1996 to 2006

Goats
Nachi
The Nachi is a meat type that is found in Jhang, Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Sahiwal districts in the Punjab Province. They are a medium size and have a black or brown color. Their meat conformation is considered medium. They have short and rough hair, small twisted horns, a dancing gait, hence locally named as 'Nachi'.

Daera Din Panah
The Daera Din Panah is a milk type that is found in Liah, Multan and Muzaffargarh districts in the Punjab Province, Pakistan. They are a large size and are black in color. They have a well developed body with long hair, long hanging and twisted ears, spiral horns and well developed udder and teats. Average daily milk production is 2.5 liters.

Chisti
Very little is known (yet) about this breed, or possible breed of goat, the Chishti. Apparently, this breed is from a village call Chishtiya near Sahiwal and they (local area residents) call this breed Chishti. The goat pictured came in second in the competition which was held in Faisalabad, Pakistan, November 2008 and its weight was 230kg.


Teddy
This breed of goat is a meat type that is found in Gujarat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Sargodha districts in the Punjab Province. It is called a Teddy Goat due to its small in size. They are a medium size and have a black or brown or light brown color. They have white or black markings on their forehead. They have short hair, small horns, long ears, and small tail. The average weight at maturity is 40 kg for males and 25 kg for females.

Hairy Goat
This goat comes from the Dera Ghazi Khan district in Punjab. These goats are white, small to medium-sized, and hairy. Adult males and females weigh 29 and 24 kg respectively. Milk yield is 60 litres in a 90-day lactation period. Hair yield is 3000 g per head annually. These goats are raised for meat and hair.





Nachi Daera din Panah Chisti Teddy
Red Purple Brown Blue

Goat Breeds found in colored areas

Sheep
Cholistani

The Cholistani is a thin tail, mutton and wool type that is found in parts of districts of Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur and Rahim Yar Khan and Cholistan tract in Punjab Province of Pakistan. They are of medium size with a white body coat with black to brown head and ears. The wool yield is 2.0 kg (medium, fiber diameter 40.2). They have small stubby ears, hence locally called 'Buchi'.



Kajli

The Kajli is a thin tailed sheep that is mutton/wool type. It is found in the Sargodha and Gujrat districts in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. They are a large size with a white body coat with a black circle around the eyes and a black tip extending to the lower one-third of the ears. The wool yield is 3.0 kg (medium; fiber diameter 37.6). They have a typical roman nose, well developed and muscular body and are very leggy. The Kajli average one liter per day of milk production.

Lati
The Lati is a fat tailed mutton and wool breed found in the Salt Range hills and the surrounding areas including districts of Rawalpini, Attock and Jhelum and parts of Mianwali and Sargodha districts in Punjab Province, Pakistan. They are a medium size with a white body coat with a tan or tan spotted head. The wool yield is 1.5 kg (medium, fiber diameter 34.9). Their ears are small and the tail is a medium sized hanging fat tail. They have a low fiber density.

Lohi(Parkanni)

The Lohi is found in southern Punjab in Pakistan. It is used for its carpet quality wool and meat production. The body of the breed is white and the head is usually tan, black or brown. The mature weight of the males is 65kg with the female at 45kg. The average annual wool clip is 3.0kg of medium wool (39.8 fiber diameter). Average daily milk production from the Lohi ewes is 1.2 liters. The very large lop ears, which are usually also tasseled, are the most distinctive feature of the breed. Both sexes are polled.

Thalli
Thalli are a mutton and wool breed found in the Thal area and Multan and Muzaffargarh districts in Punjab Province of Pakistan. They are are small to medium in size with a mature body weight of 34kg in the rams and 27kg in the ewes. They have a white boyd coat with the head and ears being black. The wool yield is 1.8 kg (medium; fiber diameter 39.2).The Thalli are considered sturdy animals. Their ears are moderately long. Young lambs are used for pelt production.


Cholistani Kajli Lati Lohi Thalli
Red Brown Grey Purple Blue
Sheep Breeds are found in colored areas



Buffalo
Nili-Ravi
The most important dairy breed is Nili-Ravi which is the most adaptable and versatile of all the domesticated animals in Asia. The Nili-Ravi buffalo is a milk type of buffalo breed. Nili-Ravi is breed of riverine Punjab. They are found mainly in Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Multan and Bahawal Nagar districts in Punjab Province. Their color is black and their average weight at maturity is 800 kg for the male and 525 kg for the female. They have a wedge shape, massive frame, small curly horns, and wall eyes. They often have white markings on the forehead, face, muzzle and legs and white switch of tail (buffaloes with such markings highly desired and popularly called "Panj Kalian"). They have a large, strong udder and are generally docile. Average age at maturity is 30 months in males and 36 months in females. Longevity of production is good. White markings extending above hock and knee and over the neck and body constitute a serious disqualification.




Nili-Ravi Buffalos are found in Highlighted areas of Punjab Pakistan




Graph shows increase in Buffalo population in Punjab Pakistan

Camels
Thalli camel
Thalli camels are found in thal area and Multan and Muzaffargarh districts in Punjab Province of Pakistan. The soil is sandy of Thal. Thal mean sandy land. The area is situated between Chenab and Indus River. This breed of camel is suitable for this region.

Riasathi or Marrecha camel

Riasathi or Marrecha camel are one of the most famous animals of cholistan. Riasathi or Marrecha camel breed is very much famous for race and milk in the desert. The camels are also called as Mahri, Mareech, and Utti. These camels are very famous for their rabbit like ears, long neck, smart bodies and thinner bones. These camels are better performing in desert and are used for racing and riding. Marecha camel is also famous for high milk production. Marrecha or Mahra is a popular multi-purpose camel breed well adjusted to the Cholistani climate. These animals are fine, fast and gracious looking and are called the riding camels. It is believed that these have been developed from Tharparker camels having their home tract in Sindh province of Pakistan (Rathore, 1986). It is estimated that these animals can travel 100 to 125 Km a day at a high speed of 20-25 Km per hour. This breed is also used for load carrying. These animals are lightly built, medium sized with medium head which is carried on a lean long beautifully curved neck. The mouth is small with tight lips, ears are small and pointed, with prominent round bright eyes, and narrow muzzle. The legs are strong, fine and well shaped. The coat color varies from light sandy to dark blackish. Female she camel can give milk up to 10 liters a day.

Barrela

Barrela camel is mostly reared in the Lesser Cholistan and on the fringe irrigated areas of district Bahawalpur. The Barrela camels have heavy strong built and large body frame. The coat color varies from light sandy to dark brown with short coarse hair. Dark brown colored animals are preferred by local people. Barrela camels have muscular body with dome shaped head. The head is heavy, with a well defined looking. The neck is medium sized with marked curve. Eyes are bright, round with alert look and are protruding. Nose is thick, lips pendulous and ears are rounded and coarse. Shoulders are strong, broad and well set to the chest. Hump is very well developed in males and is placed in the center of the back. The chest pad is well developed and its touching ground evenly shows good confirmation. Legs are strong, bony, stout and well separated so that legs do not rub while walking. Hind legs are slightly weaker than fore legs and are inward curved. The foot pads are medium sized and soft. The milk vein is straight and prominent. Milking capacity of female camel is around 10 liters, while well fed animals can produce up to 15-20 liters of milk daily. Shah et al. (2008) recorded significant differences in the genotype frequency among different breeds of camels.


Damani

This type of camel is found in the Daman (Foot hills) of southwestern Punjab and is
mainly used for the draught purpose in their home tract. This animal is use for ploughing
and other agricultural purposes.

Lal Gadd

Found in Rajanpur, Kashmore and adjoining areas of southeastern piedmonts of Suleiman
Region in Punjab. The animal is heavier than Kohi. Lal Gadd is red in color with a big head
and strong legs
.


Thalli Risathi( Marrecha) Barrela Damani Lal Gadd
Blue Yellow Red Purple Green
Camel Breeds are found in colored area









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Manidabest

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Re: Cattle, Goat , Sheep and camel breeds of punjab pakistan ( very soon i will add in pics)

Post by Admin on Fri Jun 01, 2012 11:08 am

Nice addition dear.We will be waiting for more.

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